I set up an experiment to check how much wool the different dye extracts dyed, and how soon they became exhausted. I placed 1 gram of dye extract in a coffee jar, dissolved the extract in warm water and then, put the jar in a bain mairie. I had previously prepared several dozen 10-metre hanks (about 6 grams each) of handspun blue-faced Leicester wool, mordanted with alum and with cream of tartar. I placed one presoaked 10-metre hank in the jar, simmered it gently for 40 minutes, turned the heat off and left the hank in the dye bath overnight. The next morning I removed that hank and added another one. I repeated this process until the hank came out a pale colour.
Most extracts produced a wide range of beautiful shades.
- Cochineal extract was strong enough to dye 5 hanks; several extracts dyed two hanks, and a few dyed only one hank a pale colour. Below is a list of the extracts I have experimented with so far:
- Madder: produced a vibrant colour (temperature kept below 60°C). Strong enough to dye 3-4 skeins – dark, medium, light and pale reds.
- Weld: produced no colour until I added 1 gram of calcium carbonate. Only strong enough to dye two skeins, dark and pale.
- Coreopsis: produced a warm yellow straight away and was enough for two skeins.
- Oak: A pale beige colour, enough for 1 skein only.
- Sorghum: exciting very dark mauve colour, enough for 4 skeins. Powder tends to settle in the bottom of vat and needs stirring vigorously between yarns
- Cochineal: enough for 5 skeins with colour variation from deep rose to pale pink using rain water. The water was almost clear at the end.
- Pomegranate: a pale beige colour, enough for 1 skein only.
- Cutch: produced one medium warm brown skein and two pale brown skeins.
- Lac: needs boiling for 40 minutes before skeins are added; the first skein was an exciting very dark, burgundy red colour, enough for 4 skeins.
- Dyers Greenweed: like weld, it produced no colour until I added 1 gram of calcium carbonate. A strong extract, producing 4 skeins ranging from bronze-green yellow to primrose yellow.
- Logwood: 1 gram was enough to dye 7 skeins and there even then the dye was not exhausted. The first skein was purplish black, the second dark brown and the others a very attractive strong medium brown. Note: If you want purple colours, I suggest using the logwood chips.
- Chlorophyllin: I was very impressed with this exciting extract that produced a delightful range of greens, quite different from the range of greens that I get from overdyeing woad and weld. 1 gram of chlorophyllin dyed 4 skeins ranging from forest green to sea green.
- Old Fustic: produced 3 skeins, ranging from a very strong rich dark yellow to peachy yellow. Those colours are very distinctive from the yellows produced by weld, greenweed or coreopsis.
- Persian berries: produced 3 skeins, a bronze yellow, rich orange and pale warm yellow.
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